After Market Head Lights/Tail Lights

Headlights need no introduction – they’re the beams of light that makes sure you don’t crash into a hedge on a dark night! They aren’t particularly complex but it’s well worth knowing your way around them should you ever need to change a blown bulb.

In most headlights you’re likely to find the main/dipped beam, the sidelight, and in many cases the indicator (which will be obvious as it will be orange).

Depending on the age of your car you may also have daytime running lights (DRLs) which come on whenever the engine is running, although these sometimes employ the services of the sidelight, rather than having a dedicated bulb.

Some cars also have cornering lights, which come on, as the name suggests, when the wheels turn. Sometimes the actual bulb moves, and on other applications the bulb is aimed ‘outwards’ rather than forwards, and responds to steering input.

It’s well worth familiarising yourself with your bulbs to make sure you know what’s what. There are three main types of bulb that you’re likely to find in your headlight, and it’s not uncommon to find different types of bulbs within the headlight depending on what the bulb is used for.

Halogen/Filament Bulbs

Until relatively recently all headlight main/dipped bulbs were filament bulbs. They operate in the same way as a regular household bulb in that an electrical current heats up a very thin metal filament.

In most cases the bulbs are filled with halogen gas which allows the bulb to run hotter and therefore brighter.

In some cases bulbs are filled with xenon gas (don’t confuse these with xenon HID lights!) which can give a whiter, brighter light.

Indicators, and sidelights also commonly use this technology, although they are steadily being replaced with LEDs.


HID stands for High Intensity Discharge, and they don’t have a filament like regular bulbs. They operate on a gas discharge principle and the light comes from an arc of electricity that jumps across two electrodes contained within a glass tube filled with xenon gas.

They require a ballast which is a small box of electronics that both starts the light and controls its output. They are much brighter and whiter than regular filament bulbs and generally last longer (around 2000 hours).

The bulbs cost considerably more than regular bulbs, but fitting isn’t any more complex.


LED stands for Light Emitting Diode, and due to their low power usage and ultra long life LEDs are increasingly used within headlights.

They are only used as the main/dipped beam on very new, high end cars, but they’re increasingly being used for indicators and sidelights.

It’s possible to upgrade your filament bulbs to LEDs but be aware that due to their low power consumption they can trigger warning lights on your dash as the car may think the light isn’t working.

If this occurs you need a ‘CANbus LED’ which are fitted with a tiny resistor to simulate the power usage of a normal bulb.

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Hell Cat

The Dodge Challenger SRT Hellcat is a sports coupe from Fiat Chrysler Automobiles , built and marketed since the end of 2014. The vehicle is the top model of the already produced since 2008 Dodge Challenger . It belongs to the category Muscle Cars and should regenerate the character of the first Dodge Challenger. The SRT Hellcat is currently the fastest muscle car. The base price is the equivalent of approximately € 60,000. [1]

2015 HellCat.JPG
Challenger SRT Hellcat
Production period: since 2014
Class : upper middle class
Body versions : Coupe
Engines: Gasoline engine :
6.2 liters
(527 kW)
Length: 5018 mm
Width: 1923 mm
Height: 1416 mm
Wheelbase : 2946 mm
Curb weight : 2013 kg

Japanese Winters

Anyone who’s going to drive at high latitudes or over mountain passes should consider the possibility of snow, ice, or freezing temperatures. On icy and snowy roadways, friction is low and you cannot drive as if you were on bare asphalt. During blizzards, enough snow to get you stuck can fall in very little time. Visibility may also be restricted by falling or blowing snow or by condensation or ice on vehicle windows. On the other hand, icy and snowy conditions are normal in many countries, and traffic goes on mostly uninterrupted all year round.

Sliding off the road and collisions are much more likely than in good conditions. Cold weather is hard work for the car. A weak battery, ice on electrical parts or in fuel, frozen diesel, or a frozen cooling system may cause your car to break down. If you get stuck, you may be at risk for frostbite or hypothermia; see cold weather, snow safety and ice safety for discussion.


Hayanari Shimoda

Hayanari Shimoda (下田隼成; Shimoda Hayanari) (born July 16, 1984) is a Japanese race car driver, born in Tokyo.[1]

His career started in 1997 in karting, Shimoda moving up to Italian Formula Renault in 2001. Happy to travel the world to further his career, he raced part of the 2002 Japanese GT Series and fill-in races in both Formula Renault 2000 Eurocup and British Formula Renault.

A full season in Formula Renault V6 Eurocup followed in 2003, as well as a part season in the World Sportscar Championship and one race in the American Le Mans Series. He stayed in the V6 Eurocup in 2004, and was also set to drive in the Le Mans Endurance Series before complications prevented him from doing so.

Shimoda was set to be the second driver for the SuperNova team in GP2 Series during 2005. However, at the last minute, he was replaced by Adam Carroll who will now partner ex-Jordan Grand Prix driver Giorgio Pantano.

He finished third in the Le Mans Endurance Series LMP1 championship for Zytek, winning the 1000 km Nürburgring.

In 2005 he won the Monterey Sports Car Championships, the final race of the season in the ALMS. He was partnered by Tom Chilton in a Zytek 04S LMP1 sports prototype.

He also represented Japan in the A1 Grand Prix series for the first time at Eastern Creek in November 2005, and was lucky to escape with only a concussion after a spectacular crash in which the engine separated from the chassis. He also occurred in another spectacular crash at the A1 Grand Prix round in Mexico. The cars were under a yellow flag when as they were coming onto the pit straight Shimoda’s car was launched airborne after hitting the back of A1 Team New Zealand‘s car. Shimoda escaped unhurt.

He is currently racing in the World Series by Renault championship for the Victory Engineering team.



The Nissan Skyline (Japanese: 日産・スカイライン Nissan Sukairain) is a line of compact cars, sports cars and compact executive cars originally produced by the Prince Motor Company starting in 1957, and then by Nissan after the two companies merged in 1967. After the merger, the Skyline and its larger counterpart, the Nissan Gloria, were sold in Japan at dealership sales channels called Nissan Prince Shop.

Manufacturer Nissan
Prince (1957-1967)
Production 1957–present
Body and chassis
Class Compact (1957–1989)
Sport compact/Midsize (1989–2002)
Compact executive car (2001–present)
Hybrid electric vehicle (2014―present)
Sports Coupe (2007-2017)
Predecessor Prince Sedan (1952–1957)

The Skyline was largely designed and engineered by Shinichro Sakurai from inception, and he remained a chief influence of the car until his death in 2011.

Skylines are available in either coupe, or sedan body styles, plus station wagon, crossover, convertible and pickup/sedan delivery body styles. The later models are most commonly known by their trademark round brake and tail lights (as of 1972). While not distributed in the United States until its importation as the Infiniti G, the Skyline’s prominence in video games, movies and magazines resulted in many such cars being imported there from 1989 to late 2005.[1] The majority of Skyline models are rear-wheel drive, with four-wheel drive being available since the eighth-generation’s debut.

The 11th-generation Skyline (V35) was another major turning point for the nameplate, as it dropped some of the previous generation Skyline’s trademark characteristics such as the straight-6 engine (replaced with a V6) and turbocharging, and eventually separated the GT-R into its own line. Nissan decided to retain the Skyline for the luxury-sport market, while its platform-mate, the 350Z, revived the Z line of pure sports cars.[2] The V35 was the first Skyline made for export to North America being sold under Nissan’s luxury marque Infiniti as the G35. The Skyline (V36/J50) is sold in Europe, North America, South Korea, Taiwan, and the Middle East as the Infiniti G37.

On April 12, 2010 a Guinness Book of Records event took place with 225 Skylines taking part in a parade lap at the ISTS at Silverstone UK, which produced two world records: the most recorded Nissan Skylines at one meet at one time, and Most Nissan Skylines on a track at the same time.

Source :

Drift Legend

Keiichi Tsuchiya (土屋 圭市 Tsuchiya Keiichi, born January 30, 1956) is a professional race car driver. He is also known as the Drift King (ドリキンDorikin) for his nontraditional use of drifting in non-drifting racing events and his role in popularizing drifting as a motorsport. He is also known for touge (mountain pass) driving.

Keiichi Tsuchiya
Keiichi Tsuchiya 2008 Super GT.jpg

In 2008, as Executive Advisor of ARTA
Born January 30, 1956 (age 62)
Tōmi, Nagano, Japan
Nationality Japan Japanese
24 Hours of Le Mans career
Years 19942000
Teams Team Kunimitsu Honda, Team Lark McLaren, Toyota Team Europe, TV Asahi Team Dragon
Best finish 2nd (1999)
Class wins 2 (1995, 1999)

The car he drives, a Toyota AE86 Sprinter Trueno,

has become one of the most popular sports cars; the car is also known as “Hachi-Roku” in Japan (hachi-roku meaning “eight six”); his car is also called “The Little Hachi that could.” A video known as Pluspy documents Tsuchiya’s touge driving with his AE86. He also is a consultant for one of the popular comic books and manga, Initial D, of which the main character Takumi Fujiwara is a character which describes him.



The Nissan GT-R is a 2-door 2+2 high performance vehicle produced by Nissan unveiled in 2007.[2][3][4] It is the successor to the Nissan Skyline GT-R although no longer part of the Skyline range itself, the name having been given over to the R35 Series and having since left its racing roots.

Nissan GT-R (R35)
Nissan GT-R - Mondial de l'Automobile de Paris 2016 - 003.jpg

Nissan GT-R
Manufacturer Nissan Motor Company
Production December 2007 – present
Assembly Kaminokawa, Tochigi, Japan[1]
Designer Exterior: Hirohisa Ono
Interior: Akira Nishimura
Chief Designer: Hiroshi Hasegawa
Design Director: Shiro Nakamura
Body and chassis
Class Sports car (S)
Body style 2-door 2+2 coupé
Layout Front-engine, all-wheel-drive
Platform Premium Midship
Engine 3.8 L VR38DETT twin-turbo V6
Power output
  • 353 kW (480 PS) (2007–2011)
  • 390–405 kW (530–550 PS) (2011–2017)
  • 419 kW (570 PS) (2017–present)
  • 441 kW (600 PS) (NISMO)
Transmission 6-speed dual clutch automatic
Wheelbase 2,780 mm (109.4 in)
  • 2009–2010: 183.3 in (4,656 mm)
  • 2011 – present: 183.9 in (4,671 mm)
  • 2009–2010 & 2013–: 74.6 in (1,895 mm)
  • 2011–12: 74.9 in (1,902 mm)
  • 2009–2010 & 2013–: 53.9 in (1,369 mm)
  • 2011–12: 54.0 in (1,372 mm)
Curb weight 1,740 kg (3,840 lb)
Predecessor Nissan Skyline GT-R


Spark Plugs

A spark plug (sometimes, in British English, a sparking plug,[1] and, colloquially, a plug) is a device for delivering electric current from an ignition system to the combustion chamber of a spark-ignition engine to ignite the compressed fuel/air mixture by an electric spark, while containing combustion pressure within the engine. A spark plug has a metal threaded shell, electrically isolated from a central electrode by a porcelain insulator.

The central electrode, which may contain a resistor, is connected by a heavily insulated wire to the output terminal of an ignition coil or magneto. The spark plug’s metal shell is screwed into the engine’s cylinder head and thus electrically grounded. The central electrode protrudes through the porcelain insulator into the combustion chamber, forming one or more spark gaps between the inner end of the central electrode and usually one or more protuberances or structures attached to the inner end of the threaded shell and designated the side, earth, or ground electrode(s).

Spark plugs may also be used for other purposes; in Saab Direct Ignition when they are not firing, spark plugs are used to measure ionization in the cylinders – this ionic current measurement is used to replace the ordinary cam phase sensor, knock sensor and misfire measurement function.[citation needed]Spark plugs may also be used in other applications such as furnaces wherein a combustible fuel/air mixture must be ignited. In this case, they are sometimes referred to as flame igniters.


Acura RSX

Acura RSX

Acura RSX

2002-04 Acura RSX

Mark Flag: Japan Acura
Years of production 20012006
Class Chopped off
Assembly plant (s) Suzuka , Kansai Japan
Flag of Japan 
Engine and transmission
Motor (s) Gasoline  :
– 4 cyl. 2.0 L i-VTEC
Maximum power 155 to 201  hp (116 to 150  kW )
Transmission To the wheels
Gearbox Manual 5-6 speed
Automatic 5 speed
Weight and performance
Unloaded weight 1,215 to 1,260 kg
Chassis – Bodywork
Bodywork (s) 2 doors, 4 places
Length 4,374 mm
Width 1,725 ​​mm
Height 1,394 to 1,400 mm
wheelbase 2,570 mm
Chronology of models

The Acura RSX is a sporty coupe with an engine delivering 201  hp at 7,800 rpm for the Type S and 155  hp at 6,500 rpm for the basic version and Premium .
By its rounded lines it is an elegant and aerodynamic car. Its dashboard has white dials enhancing the sportiness of the whole.
It does not have traction control and stability . The passage of holes in the road is for its part poorly damped, this being due to the sport suspension .

Note that the Acura RSX is the version intended for the Canadian and American market of the Honda Integra Type R (DC5), which is sold only in Australia and Japan . Acura being Honda’s luxury brand in the North American market , the RSX is less sporty than the Integra in its presentation and performance. Indeed, the target audience of Acura is more attracted by comfort than exalted sportsmanship. The Integra has a less comfortable chassis but more efficient, as well as a more powerful engine. Source:

2001 Prelude

The Honda Prelude is a sports coupé which was produced by Japanese car manufacturer Honda from 1978 until 2001. The two-door coupé was loosely derived from the Honda Accord and spanned five generations. The Prelude was used by Honda to introduce the Japanese Honda retail sales chain called Honda Verno, with the international release of the model following shortly after.

Honda Prelude

1999 Honda Prelude VTi-R
Manufacturer Honda
Production 1978–2001
Assembly Sayama, Japan
Body and chassis
Class Sports coupé
Body style 2-door coupé
Layout FF layout

Prelude competitors traditionally included the Toyota Celica, the Nissan Silvia and the Mitsubishi Eclipse. Production of the Prelude concluded in 2001 upon the introduction of the Honda Integra DC5.

The Prelude name was originally trademarked by Toyota, but was amicably given to Honda for use. The Prelude complied to the series of music themed vehicle names which Honda used at the time, along with the Accord, Quintet, Concerto, Jazz and Ballade


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